mkuu; rutzKj;J gj;kehjd;(gl;L khkh) mtu;fspd;
epidtiyfSk; Qhgfhu;j;j ntw;wpf; fpz;zKk;...
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1970 fspy; ,Ue;J 30 Mz;LfSf;F Nkyhf fhiuefupd; Nkw;Fg; gFjpapy; mike;jpUe;j thuptsT ey;
ypaf;f rigahdJ fy;tp> fiy> tpisahl;L vd gy;JiwfspYk; fhiuefu; tho; ,sk; jiy
Kiwapdiu Cf;Ftpf;Fk; tifapy;; fhiuefupYk; 1991-1996 fhyj;jpy; Vw;gl;l ,lk;ngau;tpd;NghJ
fhiuefUf;F ntspNaAk; jsuhky; Nritahw;wp te;j rigahfj; jpfo;e;jikia fhiuefu; tho; kf;fs;
midtUk; ed;F mwptu;.  

,r;rigapd; mr;rhzpahf mjd; nrayhsuhf mUk;ngUk; njhz;lhw;wp fiyQu;fs;> fy;tpahsu;fs;> ,
isQu;fs; vd midtupdJk; ed;kjpg;igg; ngw;W mu;g;gzpg;NghL Nritahw;wpatu; ' gl;Lkhkh ” vd;W
md;ghf miof;fg;gLk; mkuu; rutzKj;J gj;kehjd; vd;why; kpifahJ.

fhiuefu; Nkw;fpy; thuptsT vd;w Fwpr;rpapy; 1932 Mk; Mz;L Mtzp khjk; gpwe;j mkuu; rutzKj;
J gj;kehjd; mtu;fs; jkJ njhlf;ff; fy;tpia tpahtpy; irt tpj;jpahyaj;jpYk;> ,ilepiyf; fy;
tpia fhiuefu; ,e;Jf; fy;Y}upapYk;; KJepiyf; fy;tpia ,tu; fhyj;jpy; Gjpjhfj; njhlq;fg;gl;l aho;
w;wd; fy;Y}upapYk; gapd;W> gpd;du; ,yq;if vOJ tpidQu;fSf;fhd nghJg; guPl;irapy; rpj;jpnaa;jp
nfhOk;gpy; ,yq;if Nghf;Ftuj;Jj; jpizf;fsj;jpy; vOJ tpidQuhfTk; gpd;du; aho; fy;tpj; jpizf;
fsj;jpy; epu;thf mjpfhupahfTk; gzpahw;wpatu;.  

gl;L khkh mtu;fs; thuptsT ey;ypaf;f rigapD}lhf fhiuefupy; fy;tp> fiy> tpisahl;L vdg;
gyJiwfspy; ,sk; jiyKiwapdiu Cf;Ftpj;jJld; vkJ ghuk;gupa fiy> fyhrhu tpOkpaq;
fisAk; ghJfhj;jhu;. Fwpg;ghf> fhiuefu; khztu;fSf;fpilapy; jkpo; Mq;fpy Ngr;Rg; Nghl;bfs;> gl;b
kd;wk;> tha;g;ghl;L ,irg; Nghl;b> gujehl;ba Mw;Wifg; Nghl;bfs;> fpuhkpa epfo;r;rpfspd; Nghl;bfs;
vdg; gy Nghl;bfis elj;jp fiy Mu;tKs;s tsu;e;J tUk; ,sk; jiyKiwapdUf;F muq;fk;
mikj;Jf; nfhLj;jJ kl;Lky;yhky; mtu;fSf;F gupRfisAk; toq;fpg; ghuhl;b Cf;Ftpj;jhu;. jdJ
ngaiuNah GfioNah tpUk;ghky;  
“mwdwpe;J %j;j mwpTilahu; Nfz;ik
jpwdwpe;J Nju;e;J nfhsy;”  vd;w ts;Stu; tha;nkhopf;fpzq;f  

Mrpupau;fs;> fiyQu;fs;> nfhil ts;sy;fs;> tpisahl;Lj;Jiw tPuu;fs; vdg; gy;Jiw rhu;e;j ngupatu;
fis mZfp mtu;fs; JizAld mf;fhyj;jpypUe;J ,d;W tiu fhiuefupy; fiyg;gzpahw;wp tUk;
'fsG+kp Kj;jkpo; Nguit'> kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lf; fofq;fs;> ghyu; ghlrhiyfs; midj;ijAk; xUq;
fpizj;J ,e;j msg;ngUk; gzpfis mauhJ gpd;epd;W ,af;fpatu; gl;Lkhkh mtu;fs;.  

,d;W ,yq;ifapYk;> Gyk;ngau; ehLfspYk; gpugykhf tpsq;Fk; fhiuefu; je;j fiyQu;fSk;> Nkilg;
Ngr;rhsu;fSk;> Clftpayhsu;fSk;> vOj;jhsu;fSk;> kl;Lkd;wp tpupTiuahsu;fs;> Mrpupau;fs;>
nghwpapayhsu;fs; Nghd;w Jiwrhu; ty;Yeu;fSk; md;W thuptsT ey;ypaf;f rig Nkilapy; jkJ fd;
dp Mw;wiy ntspg;gLj;jp ghuhl;Lfisg; ngw;W tsu;e;jtu;fs; vd;W jaf;fkpd;wpf; Fwpg;gplyhk;.  
 
mtupd; nghJ Nritfspy; xU epfo;r;rpia nefpo;r;rpAld; ,q;Nf Fwpg;gpl;Nlahf Ntz;Lk;. fhiuefu; kf;
fs; fhiuefiu tpl;L 1991 Mk; Mz;L ,lk;ngau;e;J aho; Flehl;bd; fpuhkq;fs; vq;Fk; gue;J tho;e;j
rkak;> ,yq;ifg; gy;fiyf;fofq;fSf;F mDkjp ngw;w fhiuefiur; Nru;e;j khztu;fisAk; mtu;
fspd; ngw;Nwhu;fisAk; mioj;J aho; gy;fiyf;fof ifyhrgjp fiyauq;fpy; xU ghuhl;L tpohit
elj;jp xt;nthU khztUf;Fk; jyh Mapuk; &gh(&1000.00) Cf;Ftpg;Gg; guprhf md;W toq;fpapUe;jhu;.
nrhe;j Ciu tpl;L ,lk;ngau;e;j ,f;fl;lhd fhyfl;ljpy; vq;fs; fpuhk khztu;fspd; fy;tpapy; mf;
fiwAld; gl;Lkhkh mtu;fs; md;W Nritahw;wpaik  
“ md;d rj;jpuk; Mapuk; itj;jy;
Myak; gjpdhapuk; ehl;ly;
md;d thapDk; Gz;zpaq;Nfhb
Mq;Nfhu; Viof;F vOj;jwptpj;jy; "   

vd;w Gul;rpf; ftpQu; ghujpahupd; tupfSf;F ,yf;fzkhf tho;e;jikia epidT+l;Lfpd;wJ.
r%f Nritahsu;fSf;nfy;yhk; vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf tho;e;J fhiuefupd; tuyhw;wpy; kwf;f Kbahj ,lk;
gpbj;Jf; nfhz;l “gl;Lkhkh” mtu;fs; 2006 Mk; Mz;L fhu;j;jpif khjk; aho;g;ghzj;jpy; rptgjkile;
jhu;.

fhiuefu; thuptsT ey;ypaf;f rig jdJ gzpfspd; xu; mq;fkhf fhiuefupy; cs;s midj;Jg;
ghyu; ghlrhiyfSf;fpilapyhd tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;bfis elj;jp guprpy;fs; toq;fp tsu;e;J tUk; ,
sk; tpisahl;L tPuu;fis Cf;Ftpj;J Nritahw;wpaJ. mj;Jld; fhiuefupy; tpisahl;Lf; fofq;fSf;
fpilNaahd tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;bfisAk;> fhiuefUf;Fk; Cu;fhtw;Wiwf;Fk; ,ilapyhd flw;gug;gpy;
ePr;ry; Nghl;b> fhiuefu; Rw;W tPjpapy; kujd; Xl;lk;> irf;fps; Xl;lk;> kw;Wk; cijge;jhl;lk;> JLg;ghl;
lk;> fug;ge;jhl;lk;> Nkirg;ge;jhl;lk;> rJuq;fk; Nghd;w ngUtpisahl;LfisAk; elj;jp rpj;jpiug; Gj;jhz;
L jpdj;jpy; guprspg;G tpohtpy; gupRfis toq;fp tpisahl;Lj;Jiwia Cf;Ftpj;J tsu;j;jik gl;
Lkhkhtpd; msg;gupa Nritfspy; ,d;ndhd;whFk;.  
“ nraw;fupa nra;thu; ngupau; rpwpau;
nraw;fupa nra;fyh jhu; "

vd;w ts;Std; FwSf;fika nraw;fupa nray;fisr; nra;j Nritahsuhf “ gl;L khkh ” mtu;fs;
tpsq;Ffpd;whu;.  

me;jtifapy;> fdlh-fhiu fyhr;rhu kd;wk; Mz;L NjhWk; elj;Jk; Nfhil fhy xd;W $ly;
tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;bfspy; mtupd; Nritia epidT$u;e;J md;dhupd; Qhgfhu;j;jkhf ntw;wpf; fpz;zk;
toq;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w jPu;khdj;ij mkuu;.mUzhryk; fUzhfud; jiyikapyhd epu;thf rig 2008
Mk; Mz;L epiwNtw;wpapUe;jJk; mjid ,d;W jw;Nghija epu;thf rigapdu; fz;Kd;Nd epiwNtw;wp
fdlh fhiu kf;fs; kdq;fspy; “gl;L khkh” epidTfis kPz;Lk; gjpj;J nry;tjpy; ngUik nfhs;fpd;
wJ.
fdlh fhiu fyhr;rhu kd;wk; elj;Jk; 2016 Nfhil fhy xd;W$lypd; NghJ eilngWk; tpisahl;Lg;
Nghl;bfspy; ,lk;ngWk; jkpoupd; ghuk;gupa tpisahl;lhd fpspj;jl;L (jha;r;rp) Nghl;bfspy; ntw;wp
ngWk; Mz;fs; kw;Wk; ngz;fs; mzpfSf;F “ mkuu; rutzKj;J gj;kehjd;(gl;Lkhkh) Qhgfhu;j;j
ntw;wpf; fpz;zk; " toq;fg;gLfpd;wik “ gl;Nlhu; ngaUk; Mw;wYk; vOjp el;lfy;Yk;…" vd;W
gjpNdhuhk; jpUKiwapy; Nrukhd; ngUkhs; ehadhu; Fwpg;gpLtJ Nghy rhyg; nghUj;jkhdJ.
njhFg;G:  –  jpUkjp.fpU\;zNtzp Nrhjpehjd;
B.Sc.  
                                 
ed;wp: fdlh-fhiu fyhrhu kd;wk;